Children’s stories continue to be the main protagonists as an educational resource among the little ones, due to the magic and fantasy that awakens in them. Teachers and parents should try to bring stories to children so that they use them as a means to learn and enjoy since they occupy a fundamental place in the life of childhood and have great importance in emotional-affective development, intellectual and linguistic.
Educational values of stories
- Affection: When a father or mother tells a story to a child, they tell him, without saying it in words: I tell you this story because I consider you because I value you because I take you into account, that is to say, because I love you.
- The approach to reality: The stories not only satisfy emotional needs but also promote the desire to know and explore. Some people think that stories are lies. Yet the stories lead to the truth through the labyrinth of the imagination.
- The desire for imagination: Good stories allow children to get closer to the harsh reality of the world in which we live, at the same time they allow them to free themselves from the tension that that same reality produces. They allow them to escape from it, away from the oppression of every day, from the norms, warnings, recommendations, and recriminations.
- The learning of new vocabulary: The stories are built with words, full of meaning and meaning and through them, we favor the language of children.
- Identification: Boys and girls see themselves reflected in the stories as if they were seeing themselves in a mirror. They see how other people go through situations similar to yours and identify with them. These characters and the situations they go through give them keys to understand what they feel themselves.
- The taste for reading: If we tell children
stories that fascinate them, they will wish, when they learn to read, to continue reading by themselves because they will be sure that they will find all kinds of fascinating and fun stories in books.
- Learning new knowledge: Stories not only give children vital explanations, but they also raise all kinds of questions. Questions are the beginning of knowledge, they are like an engine of exploratory behavior.
- The development of attention: Children who listen to a story they like, listen with their five senses.
- The development of their creativity: The stories allow the boy and girl to turn fantastic into real and give free rein to their imagination and fantasy.
- The appreciation of beauty: The stories facilitate the perception of beauty, style, communicated through words or images.
- Learning a moral code: With the story, an initial definition of good and evil is achieved, in immediate and concrete awareness. The stories constitute a non-didactic teaching source that comes naturally from the experience of the story itself.
- The fluency of thought. Stories, by going beyond the obvious and conventional, are the key to entering reality in new ways and thus getting to know the world.
- The work of emotional education: The situations and the arguments and morals of the stories help to resolve conflicts.
All these characteristics make the story a complete educational resource available to both parents and teachers to help us educate our children.